The Mountain of the Spiral Road

By Jeff Waugh

Yuh-hai-has-kun or the Mountain of the Spiral Road (referring to the many layered appearance) was the name bestowed upon Mt. Robson by the Texqakallt, the earliest known inhabitants of the upper reaches of the Fraser River. These Shuswap Indians of the Upper North Thompson Band were almost completely nomadic. They dressed only in marmot skins and slept on the open snow with their feet toward a central fire. At times, they constructed bark teepees. Lodges and fish drying racks were constructed in prime salmon fishing territory at the confluence of the McLennan and Fraser Rivers in the vicinity of what is now Tete Jaune Cache. As well as salmon from the Fraser, trout were reportedly taken from Yellowhead Lake. They hunted bighorn sheep, mountain goats, moose, marmots and other small mammals and birds. They also relied on edible plants in the area, especially berries.

Discover Biking in Scottsdale, Arizona! Phoenix/Scottsdale Bike Rentals Bike Scenic Arizona Canal

As the Shuswap Indians were extending their hunting territory eastwards through the Yellowhead Pass, the Cree, with the advance of the fur trade, were extending theirs from the east towards the Jasper area. Eventually the two territories overlapped and interbreeding occurred. As a result, both the Shuswap and Cree languages were spoken by the group of thirty families that frequented Jasper House.

The French language was introduced around 1817 by J.F. La Roque, a French-Canadian voyageur employed by the Northwest Company. La Roque was heading for New Caledonia’s Fort George accompanied by a group of expert Iroquois canoe men, greatly valued for their speed of transport across the Canadian wilderness.

Bike Tucson Arizona!
Best Bike Rentals in Tucson!
Best Bicycle Rentals in Arizona
Bicycle Rentals of Tucson
Mountain Bike Oro Valley/Tucson, Arizona!
Tucson Tourism
Bicycle Tucson Arizona In Comfort!
Specialized, Trek, Cannondale Rental Bikes
Road/Gravel/Cyclocross Road Biking

Bike Scenic Arizona Canal
Tucson Loop Official
Tucson Loop Bike Rentals
Bike Mt. Lemmon
Tucson Loop
Tucson E-Bike Rentals
Tucson Electric Bike Rentals
Tucson Cyclo Cross Bike Rentals
Tucson Mountain Bike Tours

Costa Rica Golf Adventures
Retire in Costa Rica!
Retire well with Costa Rica’s top real estate professionals! CLICK HERE!

Raft the the Banff/Jasper area's most famous river. Great for families, adventurers, stags, staggettes and corporate outings. Book now!

Mountain Bike Arizona!

Tucson Bike Tours

Private Mountain Bike Adventures
Bike the Wild West, on Southern Arizona's most scenic and incredible trails!

Road / Cycling Tours
Road Bike Southern Arizona and discover cycling nirvana with a private bike expedition!

Canadian Rockies Hotels & Activities

Winter Icewalk Tours
in Jasper, Alberta

Join us on the three-hour Maligne Canyon Icewalk, where you will discover frozen waterfalls and elaborate ice caves!

Whitewater Rafting in Jasper, Alberta
Raft the exciting Sunwapta or the Athabasca River, or try the Fraser River in B.C. Jasper whitewater rafting has never been so appealing.

Download all the Canadian Rockies Vacation Guides for FREE! Learn insider knowledge about the Canadian National Parks. CLICK HERE!
VIEW the 20 latest Canadian Rockies ski cams! Check out the ski conditions in Alberta & BC! CLICK HERE!

Canadian Cylists Should Flock to Colorado For Colorado Road Biking Nirvana